The EU General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) replaces EU Directive 95/46/EC on data protection (DPD). All EU countries are required by law to enable the secure and free transfer of data across EU borders. It prioritizes data subjects in data security and attempts to safeguard all EU residents from data breaches and privacy violations. You must comply with the regulation by May 2018 if you control and process Personally Identifiable Information (PII) or sensitive personal information of EU individuals. You must comply even if you have no offices or workers in the EU zone.
GDPR is legislation under EU law that governs data protection and privacy for all EU citizens. The GDPR intends to provide citizens and residents more control over their personal data while also simplifying the regulatory environment for international business by consolidating EU regulations. The GDPR broadens the scope of EU data protection legislation to include all overseas enterprises processing personal data of EU citizens.
It calls for the regulation of data-protection standards across the EU, making it easier for non-European corporations to comply; nevertheless, this comes at the cost of a strong data-protection compliance system with hefty fines of up to 4% of global sales or €20 million, whichever is greater.
Personal data - refers to any information about a named or identifiable natural person ('data subject'). Personal data includes, for example, a national number, an e-mail address, even if it is a professional one, an identifier, a mobile phone number, an IP address, and a photograph.
Processing - Any operation or set of operations performed on personal data or sets of personal data, whether or not by automated means, such as collection, recording, organisation, structuring, storage, adaptation or alteration, retrieval, consultation, use, disclosure by transmission, dissemination, or otherwise making available, alignment or combination, restriction, erasure, or destruction, is referred to as "processing."
Controller - The "controller" is the natural or legal person, public authority, agency, or other body that sets the aims and means of processing, either alone or collectively with others. As a result, there may be joint responsibility where it is appropriate.
Processor - A natural or legal entity, public authority, agency, or other body that processes personal data on behalf of the controller is referred to as a "processor."
Data Protection Impact assessment - A "Data Protection Impact Assessment" is a method for methodically analysing, identifying, and minimising a project's or plan's data protection risks.
The HIPAA rule distinguishes two categories of companies that must comply with the law.
Personal data breach - breach of security leading to the accidental or unlawful destruction, loss, alteration, unauthorised disclosure of, or access to, personal data transmitted, stored, or otherwise processed.
Records of processing activities - allows you to identify your data processing and to have an overview of what you do with personal data. The register is provided for in Article 30 of the GDPR. It participates in the documentation of compliance. It is a document of inventory and analysis and must reflect the reality of your personal data processing.
Purpose - determines the objective pursued by the processing, its reason for being. Any processing must be associated with one or more purposes.
EU representative - is a natural or legal person established in the Union who, designated by the controller or processor in writing pursuant to Article 27 of the GDPR, represents the controller or processor with regard to their respective obligations under the GDPR.
Privacy by design - means incorporating appropriate safeguards in the early stages of development of your products and services.
Privacy by default - is the adoption of measures to limit processing by default to what is strictly necessary.
Accountability - means the obligation for companies to implement internal mechanisms and procedures to demonstrate compliance with data protection rules.
Many healthcare businesses are feeling exposed as a result of higher compliance standards and are unsure how these new regulations will affect them. SecIQ provides a number of healthcare-related IT auditing, security, and compliance tools to assist you in determining:
Creating a data inventory that identifies data processors as well as any data that is being held illegally.
For Personal Data and Data Processing, SecIQ will undertake a data flow audit.
To govern on personal data, you must first be able to identify what personal data is and then share that understanding with the rest of your company.
Assess your compliance by doing a gap analysis based on your business operations.
Conduct a security gap analysis and a data protection impact assessment.
Consulting for the implementation of the ISO 27001 or Cyber Essentials governance framework.
SecIQ will make it easier to track, audit, and enhance each phase.
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